Water Stewardship Information Sources

Citation Coulthard, B., Smith, D.J., and Lacourse, T. 2013. Dendroglaciological investigations of mid- to late-Holocene glacial activity in the Mt. Waddington area, British Columbia Coast Mountains, Canada. The Holocene 23(1):129-139.
Organization Uvic
URL http://hol.sagepub.com/content/early/2012/09/18/0959683612455537
Abstract/Description or Keywords Dendroglaciological investigations near Mt. Waddington in the central British Columbia Coast Mountains provide an enhanced perspective of Holocene glacial activity. Field investigations at Confederation, Franklin, and Jambeau glaciers led to the discovery of subfossil wood mats encased in glacial deposits and glacially sheared stumps buried beneath till. Radiocarbon-dated wood collected from valley-bottom and lateral moraine sites at Confederation Glacier suggest that an early-Holocene advance occurred at c. 5665 cal. yr BP, followed by succeeding intervals of glacier expansion at c. 3700 and 3500 cal. yr BP. At Jambeau Glacier detrital wood mats buried close to the contemporary lateral moraine crests document glacier expansion at c. 3000 cal. yr BP. Detrital subfossil wood buried in lateral moraines at the confluence of Confederation and Franklin glaciers records distinct episodes of ‘Little Ice Age’ glacier expansion as early as c. 1212 cal. yr AD, and suggests the glacier surface continued to thicken until at least c. 1330–1410 cal. yr AD. An interval of downwasting and retreat followed, before late ‘Little Ice Age’ advances such as those at Jambeau Glacier were overwhelming valley-bottom forests by c. 1740 cal. yr AD. With the exception of the previously unrecognized advance of Confederation Glacier at c. 3700 cal. yr BP, our dendroglaciological findings corroborate the emerging record of Holocene glacier activity in the British Columbia Coast Mountains.
Information Type article
Regional Watershed Central Coast
Sub-watershed if known
Aquifer #
Project status complete
Contact Name Dan Smith
Contact Email [email protected]