|Citation||Tunnicliffe, J., Church, M., Clague, J. J. and Feathers, J. K. (2012), Postglacial sediment budget of Chilliwack Valley, British Columbia. Earth Surf. Process. Landforms, 37: 1243–1262. doi: 10.1002/esp.3229|
|Abstract/Description or Keywords||sediment budget;paraglacial;optically stimulated luminescence;Holocene;Chilliwack Valley, British Columbia
The paraglacial reworking of glacial sediments by rivers and mass wasting is an important conditioning factor for modern sediment yields in mountainous catchments in formerly glaciated regions. Catchment scale and patterns of sediment storage are important influences in the rate of postglacial adjustment. We develop a quantitative framework to estimate the volume, sediment type, and fractional size distribution of legacy glacial materials in a large (1230 km2) watershed in the North Cascade Mountains in south-western British Columbia, Canada. Chilliwack Valley is exceptional because of the well-dated bounds of deglaciation. Interpolation of paleo-surfaces from partially eroded deposits in the valley allows us to estimate the total evacuated sediment volume. We present a chronology of sediment evacuation from the valley and deposition in the outlet fan, based on infrared stimulated luminescence (IRSL) and 14 C dating of river terraces and fan strata, respectively. The effects of paraglacial sedimentation in Chilliwack Valley were intensified through a major fall in valley base-level following ice retreat. The steepened mainstem valley gradient led to deep incision of valley fills and fan deposits in the lower valley network. The results of this integrated study provide a postglacial chronology and detailed sediment budget, accounting for long-term sorting of the original sediments, lag deposit formation in the mainstem, deposition in the outlet fan, and approximate downstream losses of suspended sediment and wash load. The mass balance indicates that a bulk volume of approximately 3.2 km3 of glacial material has been evacuated from the valley.
|Regional Watershed||Lower Fraser|
|Sub-watershed if known||Chilliwack River|
|Contact Name||Jon Tunnicliffe|
|Contact Email||[email protected]|